FEM-22803 Agroforestry


Credits 3.00

Teaching methodContact hours
Project learning10
Course coordinator(s)prof. dr. FJJM Bongers
Lecturer(s)prof. dr. FJJM Bongers
prof. dr. KE Giller
Examiner(s)prof. dr. FJJM Bongers
prof. dr. KE Giller

Language of instruction:



Agroforestry refers to land-use systems in which trees and shrubs are grown in association with crops, or pastures and livestock in a spatial arrangement or a rotation, and in which there are both ecological and economic interactions between the trees and other components of the system. During the last decade this form of land-use has received increasing attention as a mean to contribute to sustainable land use. Additionally, agroforestry is being transformed from a collection of descriptive studies into more scientific approaches, based on process-orientated research. Nowadays a substantial body of knowledge is derived from agroforestry research.
The course consists of the following two elements: lectures on the structure and functioning of agroforestry ecosystems from an agricultural and a forestry perspective, and essay report on a specific agroforestry question or hypothesis

Learning outcomes:

After this course the student is expected to be able to:
- describe the concept and underlying principles of agroforestry ecosystems;
- recognize and explain the classifications of the main systems;
- appraise and evaluate the major ecological processes (above- and belowground) in these systems;
- describe and explain the concept of nitrogen fixation in agroforestry systems;
- indicate and exemplify the possibilities and limitations of application of these systems.


- attendance of lectures;
- essay report and oral presentation about a specific agroforestry hypothesis.


- written examination;
- essay report and presentation.


A concise course reader and additional book chapters and scientific papers.

Restricted Optional for: MFNForest and Nature ConservationMScB: Management2AF
Compulsory for: WUMTEBSc Minor Management of Terrestrial Ecosystems2AF