EZO-10306 Human and Animal Biology I


Studiepunten 6.00

Learning supported by IT16
Practical intensively supervised36
Problem-based learning3
Course coordinator(s)A Terlouw
Lecturer(s)A Terlouw
dr. I Palm
dr. SWS Gussekloo
dr. AG Nieuwenhuizen
Examiner(s)prof. dr. ir. JL van Leeuwen

Language of instruction:


Assumed knowledge on:

Celbiology (CBI-10306)

Continuation courses:

Human and Animal Biology, part 2 (HAP-20306)


Part 1 of the Human and Animal Biology course focuses mainly on the basic principles of zoology, physiology and an introduction to behavioral biology. The origin of life, classification and phylogeny of animals (especially vertebrates), basic insight in behavioral biology (fundamental questions about behavior, proximate versus ultimate causation) as well as the embryonic development of the vertebrate body plan are dealt with.
Basic physiological principles include homeostasis and feedback control, feeding and energy balance, regulation of metabolism, bio electricity, conduction and transport mechanisms and endocrinology.
A start is made with the study of form and function of integument and the skeletal system of the vertebrates on different integration levels (cells to organisms). The other main organ systems of the vertebrates make up the main focus of part 2 of this course (HAP-20306).

Learning outcomes:

Learning outcomes are arranged in order of the course themes:
Theme evolution:
At the end of the course the student should be able to:
- describe the organization of life from molecules and cells to organisms and ecosystems and how the interactions of these levels have shaped life on earth;
- explain how evolution can shape animal live and recognize the interplay between development and evolution;
- develop an appreciation for animal diversity through an general study of animal taxonomy, cladistics and systematics;
- arrange the evolutionary relationships of a number of main animal taxa based on palaeontological, ontological, morphological and molecular data.
Theme development
At the end of the course the student should be able to:
- describe the basic key events in vertebrate development (Xenopus);
- explain the basic genetic principles that contribute to the development of a vertebrate including early embryonic induction and the role of homeobox genes in pattern formation;
- outline the development and function of the extra-embryonic membranes that became an important feature for internal development as seen in mammals.
Theme behavior
At the end of the course the student should be able to:
- illustrate the scientific method on an example of migration of the Atlantic salmon;
- distinguish between proximate and ultimate causation and give examples of each - outline that form, function and behavior of vertebrates become adapted to the environment through evolution;
- examine the key factors and events that influence vertebrate behavior development;
- paraphrase various forms of vertebrate learning behavior and its functional significance;
- recognize examples of social behavior and describes its (dis)advantages.
Theme morphology
At the end of the course the student should be able to:
- demonstrate a broad and general knowledge of organismal concepts in modern vertebrate zoology;
- describe, identify, organize and relate vertebrate anatomical structures to each other and to the organism as a whole (dogfish);
- practice basic skills of vertebrate dissection.
Theme physiology
At the end of the course the student should be able to:
- define homeostasis and know the main components of a homeostasis control system;
- outline general fundamental knowledge of the mammalian nervous- and endocrine system and describe regulation mechanisms of the systems using examples;
- explain the essentials of whole body energetics - energy intake, energy expenditure, body energy stores- and its nutritional and physiological regulation and methods of measurement;
demonstrate appropriate skills in physiological measurements.
Theme integument and skeletal system
At the end of the course the student should be able to:
- describe the primary functions of the vertebrate integument and skeletal system;
- outline morphology of different types of epithelium and identify an organ in which that types are found;
- explain how exocrine glands are classified and list their function;
- paraphrase how the integument and the skeletal system evolve and adapt during transitions from water to land and from land to air;
- explain the macroscopic and microscopic morphology of cartilage, bone and teeth and list the functions of these parts;
- distinguish between intramembranous and endochondral bones and explain how such bones develop and grow;
- correctly use the compound light microscope with a working knowledge of the function of each part.


Lectures, various practicals (zoological, histological, or physiological) and self-study (books, ICT-CD's), are the main student activities.
In group assignments the students explore and discuss a case of whole body energetics and evaluating it at a plenary session.


The course consists of two parts which are each examined separately. The grades of the two tests are averaged. The tests are computer-exams. When all practicals and other obligations are fulfilled the final grade becomes available.


Handouts of the lectures, a syllabus of the practicals, the information on the website, and several chapters from:
- Hickman CP et al.: 'Integrated Principles of Zoology' Mc Graw-Hill, 15th edition (2011);
- Animal Behavior Reader;
- StanField L.S.: 'Principles of Human Physiology', Pearson, 4th edition (2011).

Verplicht voor: BBIBiologyBSc5AF
BASAnimal SciencesBSc5AF