ENP-10806 Environmental Policy Instruments


Credits 6.00

Teaching methodContact hours
Individual Paper1
Course coordinator(s)PhD EC Carballo Cárdenas
Lecturer(s)dr. LAW Jans
prof.dr. JAW van Zeben
prof. dr. ir. AEJ Wals
PhD EC Carballo Cárdenas
dr. CF Barrett
Doctor Sampo Pihlainen
Examiner(s)PhD EC Carballo Cárdenas

Language of instruction:



This course provides an overview of the key developments with regard to international and European environmental policy.
The course comprises the following subjects:
- the general structure of international and European environmental policy;
- instruments for direct regulation (including environmental law background);
- economic instruments (including the most important economic background);
- communicative instruments (including environmental extension and education).

Learning outcomes:

After successful completion of this course students are expected to be able to:
- know the main trends in International and European environmental policy;
- identify and name the differences between direct regulatory, economic and communicative instruments;
- describe the major strengths and weaknesses of these instruments in environmental policy;
- explain the main sources of market failures that lead to environmental pollution and link given market failures to economic policy instruments;
- explain the advantages and disadvantages of a given economic policy instrument, including efficiency and cost-effectiveness;
- describe the principles of international and European environmental law;
- describe the principles of environmental communication, education and participation in environmental policy;
- distinguish the use of different policy instruments in a specific environmental policy case;
- evaluate the use of different policy instruments in a specific case.


- lectures;
- studying the course literature;
- tutorials with practical assignments related to environmental policy instruments;
- analysis and reporting of a concrete environmental policy case.


- there are four partial written tests, one for each subject: env. policy, env. law, env. economics, env. communication (70%);
- individual paper (30%).
Each component needs a minimum mark of 5.5 to pass.


A course outline is available at the ENP group.
Course literature is announced at the start.

Compulsory for: BESEnvironmental SciencesBSc5MO