BIP-23806 Atomic Structure


Credits 6.00

Language of instruction:

Dutch and/or English

Continuation courses:

BIP-22303 Molecular Structure.


Experimental and theoretical principles of Quantum Mechanics as far as necessary for the understanding of atomic structure. E.g.: particle in a potential well, harmonic oscillator. The course prepares for molecular orbitals, molecular geometry, symmetry, methods of approximation, Huckel theory.

Learning outcomes:

After successful completion of this course students are expected to be able to:
- apply the concepts of eigenvalue problems, eigenfunction, and eigenvalues
- apply the concept of superposition of eigenfunctions
- apply the concepts of expectation values and standard deviations of measurements in the context of quantum mechanics
- understand the relation between the time-dependent and the time-independent Schrödinger equation
- apply the concepts of the Hamiltonian, wave functions, probability distributions and probability current
- apply the time-independent Schrödinger equation on simple one-dimensional systems
- understand how physical laws together with quantum mechanics lead to atomic orbitals
- determine characteristic properties of atomic orbitals e.g., (the expectation value of) energy, spin, angular momentum, spin-orbit coupling, etc.
- determine optical transitions of atoms and estimate magnitude of the related energy difference / frequency and wavelength of electronic transitions.


Prepare and attend the lectures, preceding the daily tutorials. Learn and understand by exercises, independent and under supervision.


Written test with open questions. The minimum mark for a pass is 5.5.


Atkins, P.; de Paula, J. (2014). Atkins' Physical Chemistry, 10th ed. ISBN 978-0-19-969740-3. Available at the WUR-shop.
The syllabus 'Atomic structure' will be handed out during the first lecture.