BIP-23806 Atomic Structure

Course

Credits 6.00

Language of instruction:

Dutch and/or English

Continuation courses:

BIP-22303 Molecular Structure.

Contents:

Experimental and theoretical principles of Quantum Mechanics as far as necessary for the understanding of atomic structure. E.g.: particle in a potential well, harmonic oscillator. The course prepares for molecular orbitals, molecular geometry, symmetry, methods of approximation, Huckel theory.

Learning outcomes:

After successful completion of this course students are expected to be able to:
- apply the concepts of eigenvalue problems, eigenfunction, and eigenvalues
- apply the concept of superposition of eigenfunctions
- apply the concepts of expectation values and standard deviations of measurements in the context of quantum mechanics
- understand the relation between the time-dependent and the time-independent Schrödinger equation
- apply the concepts of the Hamiltonian, wave functions, probability distributions and probability current
- apply the time-independent Schrödinger equation on simple one-dimensional systems
- understand how physical laws together with quantum mechanics lead to atomic orbitals
- determine characteristic properties of atomic orbitals e.g., (the expectation value of) energy, spin, angular momentum, spin-orbit coupling, etc.
- determine optical transitions of atoms and estimate magnitude of the related energy difference / frequency and wavelength of electronic transitions.

Activities:

Prepare and attend the lectures, preceding the daily tutorials. Learn and understand by exercises, independent and under supervision.

Examination:

Written test with open questions. The minimum mark for a pass is 5.5.

Literature:

Atkins, P.; de Paula, J. (2014). Atkins' Physical Chemistry, 10th ed. ISBN 978-0-19-969740-3. Available at the WUR-shop.
The syllabus 'Atomic structure' will be handed out during the first lecture.