GEO-32306 Leisure, Tourism and Environment: Experiences and Environments


Credits 6.00

Teaching methodContact hours
Individual Paper3
Excursion (one day)4
Course coordinator(s)dr. K Doughty
Lecturer(s)dr. ir. MH Jacobs
dr. K Doughty
Examiner(s)dr. K Doughty

Language of instruction:


Assumed knowledge on:

GEO-10806 Introduction Leisure, Tourism and Environment; GEO-30306 Leisure, Tourism and Environment: Concepts and Approaches.

Continuation courses:

GEO-31306 Leisure, Tourism and Globalization; GEO-31806 Leisure, Tourism and Environment: Sustainable Development.


The general purpose of the course is to provide a broad-based overview of leisure and tourism experiences within a spatial, natural and social environment. The search for worthwhile experiences is a main driving force of tourism and leisure behaviour. Therefore, to understand leisure and tourism, an understanding of leisure and tourism experiences is crucial. For example, tourism attractions and popular tourism regions are often shaped by experiential themes, for instance cultural heritage, thrills and adventure, sand-sun-sea, particular leisure activities, romanticism, natural heritage, meeting people, et cetera. Leisure and tourism experiences are thus closely related to different physical and social environments.
As a consequence, it is not surprising that a large amount of attention has been paid in the tourism literature to particular perspectives on the tourist experience, including typologies of tourists, issues related to authenticity, commodification, image and perception, to name just a few. As tourism has continued to expand both in scope and scale, and as tourists' needs and expectations have become more diverse and complex in response to transformations in the world of tourism (and the world at large), so too have tourist experiences.
Scholars have approached the study of the tourist experience from a multitude of disciplinary perspectives and theoretical frameworks, often stressing different aspects and effects of leisure and tourism experiences, such as preferences, narratives, destination choices, economical effects, effects on culture, consequences for inequality between social groups and cultures, and so on.
This course will provide students with a broad overview of social science conceptualisations of the tourist experience, from the seminal tourism scholars to more recent attempts to analyse its ever-increasing diversity and complexity. Students will explore through lectures, discussions and excursions how these ideas have been, and can be, applied to understand a range of contemporary tourism and leisure experiences.

Learning outcomes:

After successful completion of this course students are expected to be able to:
- explain the importance of experiences for understanding leisure and tourism;
- understand the relation between experiences and environment from an interdisciplinary perspective;
- distinguish theories on leisure and tourism experiences;
- examine social and personal influences on experiences;
- identify methodological problems related to empirical studies of experiences;
- reflect on the ways in which theories and concepts on experiences are applied in management, marketing and research practices;
- create a conceptual framework and build up scientific arguments by writing an essay on experiences in leisure and tourism.


- lectures;
- writing an essay.


- written exam (50%);
- assignment (50%).
An average mark of 5.5 or higher for all components constitutes a pass.


Course outline available, literature to be announced.

Compulsory for: MTOLeisure, Tourism and EnvironmentMScD: Tourism, Experiences and Place-making3WD
Restricted Optional for: MTOLeisure, Tourism and EnvironmentMScA: Tourism and Development3WD
MTOLeisure, Tourism and EnvironmentMScC: Tourism and Global Mobilities3WD