ENP-10806 Environmental Policy Instruments


Credits 6.00

Teaching methodContact hours
Individual Paper1
Course coordinator(s)PhD EC Carballo Cárdenas
Lecturer(s)dr. A Herwig
prof. dr. ir. AEJ Wals
dr. K Purnhagen
N Bernaz-Potter
dr. CF Barrett
dr. EH van der Werf
PhD EC Carballo Cárdenas
Examiner(s)dr. J van Leeuwen

Language of instruction:



This course provides an overview of the development of environmental policy in the Netherlands, touching also upon key developments with regard to international, European and market-based forms of environmental policy.
The course comprises the following subjects:
- the general structure of international, European, and Dutch environmental policy;
- instruments for direct regulation (including environmental law backgrounds);
- economic instruments (including the most important economic backgrounds);
- communicative instruments (including environmental extension and education).

Learning outcomes:

After successful completion of this course students are expected to be able to:
- describe the institutionalization of Dutch environmental policy from the 1960s till now;
- know the main trends in International, European and Dutch environmental policy;
- identify and name the differences between direct regulatory, economic and communicative instruments;
- describe the major strengths and weaknesses of these instruments in environmental policy;
- explain the main sources of market failures that lead to environmental pollution and link given market failures to economic policy instruments;
- explain the advantages and disadvantages of a given economic policy instrument, including efficiency and cost-effectiveness;
- describe the principles of Dutch environmental law;
- describe the principles of environmental communication, education and participation in Dutch environmental policy;
- distinguish the use of different policy instruments in a specific environmental policy case;
- evaluate the use of different policy instruments in a specific case.


- lectures;
- studying the course literature;
- tutorials with practical assignments related to environmental policy instruments;
- analysis and reporting of a concrete environmental policy case.


- there is one written tests (70%);
- individual paper (30%).
Each component needs a minimum mark of 5.5 to pass.


A course outline is available at the ENP group.
Course literature is announced at the start.

Compulsory for: BESEnvironmental SciencesBSc5MO